As a climber and former guide, I know the thrill of being in extreme locations, as well as the potential risks involved. So when I was approached to DP 2nd unit on Everest, I was humbled—and excited—to be a part of it. Mountain climbing is a spectacular experience unlike any other, but it requires careful planning and experience. Then add filming into the mix.
My 2nd unit had planned to climb to the summit of Everest to film but we were only able to shoot just above basecamp following the avalanche that killed 16 Sherpas. We were working while taking in this stark reminder of nature’s power—both in the recounting of the tragic event of 1996, and terrible, present-day loss.
Because our filming was so remote, it was a big challenge to get dailies back to London. I had a fantastic DIT/data manager, Tom Grimshaw, with whom I previously reached the summit of Everest. This time, we were shooting with the Carbon Fiber Red Epic Dragon cameras as they are lightweight, and can shoot at 6K for the visual effects tile and plate work. A portion of the 2nd unit work was shooting elements for VFX supervisor Dadi Einarsson and his team, who did an incredible job to help bring Everest to life. These are massive files that needed to be transcoded and down-res’d for sending. We had our work cut out for us to figure out how to pipe dailies back to London using mediocre WiFi at basecamp, ultimately establishing an extensive solar array to provide adequate power for charging, transcoding and sending.
Before I was hired to DP Everest’s 2nd unit, a decision was made to shoot most of the on-mountain scenes high in the Dolomites of Italy. I’ve climbed Everest twice, but had no idea of how well the Italian terrain would match. The Dolomites were having a record winter for both cold weather and snowfall, which truly created an Everest-like environment.
Heading up 2nd unit on a big feature film and directing commercials are not as dissimilar as you’d think. As a 2nd unit DP I want to give the director and DP what they need, much in the way a commercial director is storytelling in service of the agency and a client. Following guiding, I translated my love of sport to director/DP for Warren Miller Films, traversing the world to film big mountain skiing. From there, it was a natural progression into directing commercials as a director/DP. How to get audiences to sit on the edge of their seat, to become immersed and invested in what they are watching—that goal is always present whether delivered in :30 or 2 hours. To me, that’s another adventure, another mountain to climb.
When an office-building-sized block of ice in the Khumbu Icefall dislodged during the 2014 Himalaya climbing season, killing 16 high-altitude workers on the world’s tallest peak, Kent Harvey had been at Base Camp for nearly two weeks. He and a team of handpicked mountaineer-filmmakers were acclimatizing—preparing to haul up camera equipment to capture footage for this year’s blockbuster movie, Everest, which hits theaters Friday.
Harvey is the second unit director of photography on the film, and he was tasked with retrieving establishing shots of the icy, Himalayan environment—Everest’s telltale ridges, the South Col, the Hillary Step, even the summit, if he could get a camera up there. The Icefall collapse neutralized the 2014 climbing season, turning back dozens of eager climbers. But after the tragedy, Harvey and his team, led by New Zealand expedition company Adventure Consultants, managed a trip above Base Camp, into the Icefall. “We spent two hours getting visuals for the effects team,” he said.
The material they shot, combined with older footage and historic photos of the mountain and some shots in Italy’s Dolomites, help lay the foundation for the sweeping, computer enhanced imagery that is so crucial to selling a film of this magnitude to audiences. You want to know why Everest looks true to form? Harvey is a big reason.
Twenty years ago, Harvey, now 48, worked as a mountain guide in Colorado and as a cameraman on Warren Miller ski films. His specialty is planning, staging, and capturing elaborate action sequences on camera. His big break came about ten years ago, when he was hired to film a tricky rock climbing shot for the Brad Pitt-Angelina Jolie movie, Mr. And Mrs. Smith. (The shot didn’t make the final cut.) It led him to working on Hollywood films and, in the past decade, he’s been on a tear, shooting for Iron Man, The Bourne Legacy, Lone Survivor—he just finished work on the next Captain America installment.
In the process, Harvey has developed a reputation as a durable dude. On Lone Survivor, for example, he dangled from a rope just off of a 40-foot-high rock face to film a stunt man, portraying a Navy SEAL, performing a high-risk shoulder-roll off the top of the cliff. “That’s a shot you don’t want to screw up,” Harvey says.
“Being out in remote locations around the world, shooting ski action, taught me to be resourceful, to work in a sort of guerilla-style fashion,” he adds. “I have a pretty high suffer threshold—a lot of people in Hollywood need the craft services.”
Harvey is currently enjoying some much-needed downtime at home in Denver with his wife and two young daughters. We caught up with him to talk about working with Hollywood stars at altitude and how Everest came together.
OUTSIDE: Why is mountaineering experience so important in an era when they can just render all the dangerous stuff using computer graphics?
HARVEY: I was in charge of shooting some action sequences and stunt work in the Dolomites, which doubled as the Himalaya for some scenes. But the big task was shooting what we call plate-and-tile work of Everest itself, which would serve as backdrops to the close-ups and studio cinematography. A lot of the Everest summit scenes you see in the film were shot on soundstages, so they still needed the wide establishing shots to lay behind those in post-production. Our plan [before the Icefall collapse] was to film all the way to the summit.
They filmed Everest using indoor soundstages?
They built a really impressive Base Camp at Cinecitta Studios in Italy and they built the Hillary Step on the famous 007 stage at Pinewood Studios in England. They had [Everest climber] David Breashears and a bunch of Sherpas there as consultants. It was incredible. It all looked very real. But it was still surrounded in green screen. The main unit did actually travel to Nepal and film the actors on the trek to Base Camp, but because of the altitude they couldn’t spend a lot of time up high. They would basically helicopter in, jump out, film some scenes, jump back in the heli, and head back down valley.
How did the A-listers handle the extreme conditions?
They were all great guys—no one was complaining. They all loved being in the Dolomites. The long cold days were hard for them but [the director] Baltasar Kormakur is tough as nails. He’s a Viking. When you have a guy like that sort of driving the ship, people step up. When we were in the Dolomites, the actors kept saying to me they wanted to come over and meet me in Everest Base Camp, which obviously never happened.
Okay, so after the Dolomites your job was to get real footage from Everest that the visual effects team could overlay with these first unit shots?
Right. And, needless to say, you can’t just take your average Hollywood crew person to the top of Everest. I had to assemble a team of people that had a lot of experience climbing, had spent time on Everest, but also had some familiarity with the movie making process. I also wanted some guide friends that could do stunt double work.
Anyone we know?
Yeah, David Morton of the Juniper Fund was already involved in the production so I was able to get him. He’s climbed Everest five or six times. Neal Beidleman is a friend of mine and Neal was on the actual ‘96 trip. Neal was great for us because he not only knew the actual locations of where things happened but he’s also a solid climber with a lot of guiding experience. Then, I needed a second cameraman so I called Scott Simper, a Utah-based documentary filmmaker, who’s climbed Everest before and has spent a lot of time in the Himalaya.
I actually hired a camera assistant out of Los Angeles named Paul Santoni, who I just felt would be well suited to spending 70 days at Base Camp. He’s a big-wave surfer so he has the mindset and the patience to hang out for an extended period of time, sitting in the tent and just waiting. He had very little climbing and mountaineering experience, but he has spent a lot of time in the water, waiting for waves.
Then the Icefall collapse. Getting footage must be the last thing on your minds when something like that happens.
I thought one of our Sherpa camera assistants had been killed or hurt because we hadn’t heard from him all day. Then he finally came down—he had been helping with the rescue on the mountain. The whole thing was a tragedy. It doesn’t matter whether they were with our production or not. It was heavy stuff. After that there was a lot of tension with the Sherpas not wanting to climb through the Icefall. All the while, we’re still trying to get footage around Base Camp while the Icefall was technically shut down.
That was it—end of filming?
When word came that the season was over I basically negotiated with our Adventure Consultants expedition leader, Mike Roberts, so I could get just a couple more hours in the Icefall to get more footage. The first time we went back up, as as we were approaching the Icefall, another large avalanche came down. It was quite a ways from us but it still gave us a scare and was very sobering.
Where did the chief filmmakers get the footage they needed in the end?
What we were able to get before the avalanche was helpful, but they also ended up just reaching out to photographers who had spent time on Everest over the last five years. They used everything from older footage to still photographs.
How do you think the movie turned out?
I saw it two months ago and I was blown away. It’s a sad movie, for sure, but I think it will be loved and hated. Climbers will pick it apart. Baltasar really did his homework—he is from Iceland and has spent a lot of time in cold weather, but he’s not a climber. I have a lot of climbing friends so it’s going to be very interesting when this comes out. Even just being associated with it I’m sure I’ll catch my share of shit. But it’s a movie–it’s someone’s interpretation of events. It’s no Vertical Limit!